Ramadan Mubarak! All About Ramadan

Written and sourced by Esraa, Newcomer Service Advisor, Keshen Goodman Public Library (2022)

Ramadan is the most significant religious occasion for Muslims around the world. It is a holy month of fasting, contemplation, and prayer. Healthy adult Muslims fast in Ramadan from sunrise until sunset; this includes refraining from drinking, eating, immoral acts, and anger. Other acts of worship such as prayer, reading the Quran and charity are also encouraged during the holy month. 

Here are a few questions you may have about Ramadan. We are happy to provide some basic answers; and encourage you to visit Library collections, displays, and events throughout this special time to celebrate or learn more.

When is Ramadan?

Ramadan begins during the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, when the new crescent moon is first sighted. As a result, the exact start date of Ramadan is confirmed when a sighting committee spots the moon.

How long is Ramadan?

Lunar months last between 29 to 30 days, depending on when the new moon is sighted. If the moon is not seen on the night of the 29th day, then Ramadan lasts for the full 30 days.

Why is Ramadan holy?

For Muslims, Ramadan is the month in which the first verses of the Quran were revealed to Prophet Muhammad more than 1,400 years ago.

Why do Muslims fast during Ramadan?

Fasting is one of the five pillars of Islam. So Muslims fast as an act of worship, a chance to get closer to God, and a way to become more compassionate to those in need. Fasting is also seen to teach patience and break bad habits.

Are there any special traditions for Muslims during Ramadan?

Muslims break their daily fast by sharing meals with family and friends. Muslims from different cultures have different traditions during Ramadan, usually seen in the different kinds of food cooked for Iftar (first meal to be served during the day). The whole family gathers around to have it together.

When does Ramadan end? 

When Ramadan comes to an end, there is a three-day festival. This celebration is called Eid al-Fitr. During this festival, families and friends gather to celebrate. They decorate their homes, dress in fine clothes and exchange gifts. 

Read more about Eid-al-Fitr in this Library blog; and continue learning with this blog about Eid-al-Adha!

How do you wish someone a Happy Ramadan?

You can exchange Ramadan greetings by saying “Ramadan Kareem,” which translates into “Have a blessed Ramadan,” or “Ramadan Mubarak,” which translates into “Happy Ramadan.”

Community Celebrations at the Library

Check out collections, and what's going on for Ramadan and Eid-al-Fitr at the Library: Explore the Collection.

Reflecting our community. | halifaxpubliclibraries.ca/celebrating-culture
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